Difference between revisions of "The role of specific identities – Peter Drucker"

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Introduction
 
Introduction
 
Introducing the reporter: his national, ethnic and sexual identities
 
Introducing the reporter: his national, ethnic and sexual identities
 +
 
Place of the report in the session: closely linked to earlier reports (crisis, working class, women, imperialism) and later reports (strategy in different regions)  
 
Place of the report in the session: closely linked to earlier reports (crisis, working class, women, imperialism) and later reports (strategy in different regions)  
 
Central question: relationship between class-consciousness and other identities
 
Central question: relationship between class-consciousness and other identities
 +
 
(Multiple) crises and people’s impulse to take refuge in (pre-existing) identities; forms of resistance and forms of reaction
 
(Multiple) crises and people’s impulse to take refuge in (pre-existing) identities; forms of resistance and forms of reaction
 +
 
Central principles: self-organization and self-emancipation
 
Central principles: self-organization and self-emancipation
 +
 
Motto of the report: citation from Lenin
 
Motto of the report: citation from Lenin
 +
 
Difficulties of the report: enormous diversity of religious, national, ethnic and sexual identities — and of the participants here!
 
Difficulties of the report: enormous diversity of religious, national, ethnic and sexual identities — and of the participants here!
 +
 
Objective analysis and lived experience, collective and individual: for the discussion
 
Objective analysis and lived experience, collective and individual: for the discussion
 +
 
Three interlinked parts: intersectionality; nationalism/ethnicity; religion
 
Three interlinked parts: intersectionality; nationalism/ethnicity; religion
  
 
Part 1.  Intersectionality
 
Part 1.  Intersectionality
 +
 
Conceptual tool developed by feminists of colour
 
Conceptual tool developed by feminists of colour
 +
 
Multiple (double, triple) oppressions  
 
Multiple (double, triple) oppressions  
 +
 
Oppressions are not additive — they constitute one another (and so do dominations)
 
Oppressions are not additive — they constitute one another (and so do dominations)
 +
 
Every class identity or national identity is always, intrinsically gendered and sexual
 
Every class identity or national identity is always, intrinsically gendered and sexual
 +
 
Brenner’s Marxist adaptation: capitalist restructuring and relative privilege
 
Brenner’s Marxist adaptation: capitalist restructuring and relative privilege
 +
 
Sexual oppression and intersectionality
 
Sexual oppression and intersectionality
 +
 
Women’s oppression and LGBT oppression: a global struggle (Nadia)
 
Women’s oppression and LGBT oppression: a global struggle (Nadia)
 +
 
Gay identity and homonormativity in imperialist countries: dual significance of same-sex marriage
 
Gay identity and homonormativity in imperialist countries: dual significance of same-sex marriage
 +
 
Transgender, MSMs, class and imperialism
 
Transgender, MSMs, class and imperialism
 +
 
International queer resistance?
 
International queer resistance?
 +
 
Towards an inclusive, working-class-led, internationalist rainbow of movements
 
Towards an inclusive, working-class-led, internationalist rainbow of movements
 +
 
Autonomy and unity: a dialectical relationship in the formation of class-consciousness
 
Autonomy and unity: a dialectical relationship in the formation of class-consciousness
  
 
Part 2. Nations and ethnicity
 
Part 2. Nations and ethnicity
 +
 
What’s at stake politically
 
What’s at stake politically
 +
 
National liberation and anti-capitalist revolution in the 20th century: Yugoslavia, China, Cuba, Vietnam, Nicaragua
 
National liberation and anti-capitalist revolution in the 20th century: Yugoslavia, China, Cuba, Vietnam, Nicaragua
 +
 
Contemporary national struggles: Kashmir, Mindanao…
 
Contemporary national struggles: Kashmir, Mindanao…
 +
 
… and workers’ movements fragmented by national conflict  
 
… and workers’ movements fragmented by national conflict  
 +
 
Nationalism and internationalism: a contradiction of capitalism
 
Nationalism and internationalism: a contradiction of capitalism
 +
 
Capitalist classes need national markets and a national state  
 
Capitalist classes need national markets and a national state  
 +
 
At the same time, capital needs to expand beyond national markets
 
At the same time, capital needs to expand beyond national markets
 +
 
Limits of Marx and Engels’ understanding in the Communist Manifesto  
 
Limits of Marx and Engels’ understanding in the Communist Manifesto  
 +
 
A national working class? Labour market segmentation today
 
A national working class? Labour market segmentation today
 +
 
Rules of thumb for our positions on national conflicts
 
Rules of thumb for our positions on national conflicts
 +
 
Abstract internationalism is not enough
 
Abstract internationalism is not enough
 +
 
Oppressor nations and oppressed nations
 
Oppressor nations and oppressed nations
 +
 
The right of self-determination — even for ethnic groups that are not ‘nations’
 
The right of self-determination — even for ethnic groups that are not ‘nations’
 +
 
Indigenous struggles: sovereignty and autonomy
 
Indigenous struggles: sovereignty and autonomy
 +
 
In Latin America: from the Comintern (Mariateguí) to Nicaragua and 1992
 
In Latin America: from the Comintern (Mariateguí) to Nicaragua and 1992
 +
 
Chiapas, Bolivia, Ecuador: national sovereignty and indigenous autonomy  
 
Chiapas, Bolivia, Ecuador: national sovereignty and indigenous autonomy  
 +
 
Internationalism and identities: towards a new internationalist culture
 
Internationalism and identities: towards a new internationalist culture
  
 
Part 3. Religion  
 
Part 3. Religion  
 +
 
Basics of Marxist approach to religion (Achcar)
 
Basics of Marxist approach to religion (Achcar)
 +
 
Religion as alienation, and oldest form of ideology
 
Religion as alienation, and oldest form of ideology
 +
 
Ideology of gender and sexual roles — almost always of women’s subordination
 
Ideology of gender and sexual roles — almost always of women’s subordination
 +
 
Tension in Marxist tradition between ‘withering away’ and anti-religious struggle
 
Tension in Marxist tradition between ‘withering away’ and anti-religious struggle
 +
 
Intersection between religion, colonialism and racism — Muslims as oppressed minority (in Europe!)
 
Intersection between religion, colonialism and racism — Muslims as oppressed minority (in Europe!)
 +
 
Varieties of religious politics
 
Varieties of religious politics
 +
 
Religion is never politically monolithic
 
Religion is never politically monolithic
 +
 
From liberation theology in e.g. Brazil and Nicaragua (Löwy Notebook) …
 
From liberation theology in e.g. Brazil and Nicaragua (Löwy Notebook) …
 +
 
… to Saudi fundamentalism (Achcar’s Theses)
 
… to Saudi fundamentalism (Achcar’s Theses)
 +
 
Many complex intermediate cases (e.g. Iran and Hizbullah)
 
Many complex intermediate cases (e.g. Iran and Hizbullah)
 +
 
Abortion, same-sex sexualities and Catholicism (under a new pope)
 
Abortion, same-sex sexualities and Catholicism (under a new pope)
 +
 
Armed globalization (see Alex’s report on imperialism), ‘war on terror’ and the Islamic world
 
Armed globalization (see Alex’s report on imperialism), ‘war on terror’ and the Islamic world
 +
 
Alliance of fundamentalisms: US Protestant, Israeli Jewish, Indian Hindu — and Saudi Muslim
 
Alliance of fundamentalisms: US Protestant, Israeli Jewish, Indian Hindu — and Saudi Muslim
 +
 
‘Anti-Crusader’ Islamic fundamentalism / Islamophobia: ‘clash of barbarisms’
 
‘Anti-Crusader’ Islamic fundamentalism / Islamophobia: ‘clash of barbarisms’
 +
 
Muslim immigrants in Europe — at the heart of European working classes
 
Muslim immigrants in Europe — at the heart of European working classes
 +
 
The explosive issue of the Islamic headscarf
 
The explosive issue of the Islamic headscarf
 +
 
LGBTs in Islamic countries: a special case (similarities and differences between Arab region, South Asia, Indonesia)
 
LGBTs in Islamic countries: a special case (similarities and differences between Arab region, South Asia, Indonesia)
 +
 
Age-old Mediterranean tradition: beyond gay and straight?
 
Age-old Mediterranean tradition: beyond gay and straight?
 +
 
Imperialism as champion of women and LGBTs? Afghanistan and Iraq
 
Imperialism as champion of women and LGBTs? Afghanistan and Iraq
 +
 
Hybrid identities, combined struggles: Lebanon and Palestine
 
Hybrid identities, combined struggles: Lebanon and Palestine
  
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1. In major national struggles in your part of the world, is independence the central demand? Autonomy? Something else? Why?  
 
1. In major national struggles in your part of the world, is independence the central demand? Autonomy? Something else? Why?  
 +
 
2. Do women’s and sexual liberation in your country require a direct confrontation with religion? With religious fundamentalism? Or more subtle tactics in dealing with believers? If so, what tactics?  
 
2. Do women’s and sexual liberation in your country require a direct confrontation with religion? With religious fundamentalism? Or more subtle tactics in dealing with believers? If so, what tactics?  
 +
 
3. To what extent is working-class struggle directly central to an anti-capitalist strategy in your country? To what extent are other axes key? How are class and other axes linked?
 
3. To what extent is working-class struggle directly central to an anti-capitalist strategy in your country? To what extent are other axes key? How are class and other axes linked?
  

Latest revision as of 13:00, 17 December 2013

Ecosocialist School 2013 The crisis and intersecting identities, national and religious Peter, 1 December

Introduction Introducing the reporter: his national, ethnic and sexual identities

Place of the report in the session: closely linked to earlier reports (crisis, working class, women, imperialism) and later reports (strategy in different regions) Central question: relationship between class-consciousness and other identities

(Multiple) crises and people’s impulse to take refuge in (pre-existing) identities; forms of resistance and forms of reaction

Central principles: self-organization and self-emancipation

Motto of the report: citation from Lenin

Difficulties of the report: enormous diversity of religious, national, ethnic and sexual identities — and of the participants here!

Objective analysis and lived experience, collective and individual: for the discussion

Three interlinked parts: intersectionality; nationalism/ethnicity; religion

Part 1. Intersectionality

Conceptual tool developed by feminists of colour

Multiple (double, triple) oppressions

Oppressions are not additive — they constitute one another (and so do dominations)

Every class identity or national identity is always, intrinsically gendered and sexual

Brenner’s Marxist adaptation: capitalist restructuring and relative privilege

Sexual oppression and intersectionality

Women’s oppression and LGBT oppression: a global struggle (Nadia)

Gay identity and homonormativity in imperialist countries: dual significance of same-sex marriage

Transgender, MSMs, class and imperialism

International queer resistance?

Towards an inclusive, working-class-led, internationalist rainbow of movements

Autonomy and unity: a dialectical relationship in the formation of class-consciousness

Part 2. Nations and ethnicity

What’s at stake politically

National liberation and anti-capitalist revolution in the 20th century: Yugoslavia, China, Cuba, Vietnam, Nicaragua

Contemporary national struggles: Kashmir, Mindanao…

… and workers’ movements fragmented by national conflict

Nationalism and internationalism: a contradiction of capitalism

Capitalist classes need national markets and a national state

At the same time, capital needs to expand beyond national markets

Limits of Marx and Engels’ understanding in the Communist Manifesto

A national working class? Labour market segmentation today

Rules of thumb for our positions on national conflicts

Abstract internationalism is not enough

Oppressor nations and oppressed nations

The right of self-determination — even for ethnic groups that are not ‘nations’

Indigenous struggles: sovereignty and autonomy

In Latin America: from the Comintern (Mariateguí) to Nicaragua and 1992

Chiapas, Bolivia, Ecuador: national sovereignty and indigenous autonomy

Internationalism and identities: towards a new internationalist culture

Part 3. Religion

Basics of Marxist approach to religion (Achcar)

Religion as alienation, and oldest form of ideology

Ideology of gender and sexual roles — almost always of women’s subordination

Tension in Marxist tradition between ‘withering away’ and anti-religious struggle

Intersection between religion, colonialism and racism — Muslims as oppressed minority (in Europe!)

Varieties of religious politics

Religion is never politically monolithic

From liberation theology in e.g. Brazil and Nicaragua (Löwy Notebook) …

… to Saudi fundamentalism (Achcar’s Theses)

Many complex intermediate cases (e.g. Iran and Hizbullah)

Abortion, same-sex sexualities and Catholicism (under a new pope)

Armed globalization (see Alex’s report on imperialism), ‘war on terror’ and the Islamic world

Alliance of fundamentalisms: US Protestant, Israeli Jewish, Indian Hindu — and Saudi Muslim

‘Anti-Crusader’ Islamic fundamentalism / Islamophobia: ‘clash of barbarisms’

Muslim immigrants in Europe — at the heart of European working classes

The explosive issue of the Islamic headscarf

LGBTs in Islamic countries: a special case (similarities and differences between Arab region, South Asia, Indonesia)

Age-old Mediterranean tradition: beyond gay and straight?

Imperialism as champion of women and LGBTs? Afghanistan and Iraq

Hybrid identities, combined struggles: Lebanon and Palestine

Conclusion: the workers’ party as a tribune of all the oppressed (Lenin)


Questions for discussion:

1. In major national struggles in your part of the world, is independence the central demand? Autonomy? Something else? Why?

2. Do women’s and sexual liberation in your country require a direct confrontation with religion? With religious fundamentalism? Or more subtle tactics in dealing with believers? If so, what tactics?

3. To what extent is working-class struggle directly central to an anti-capitalist strategy in your country? To what extent are other axes key? How are class and other axes linked?


Reading Materials

PDF [1]

Further readings