Globalization, nation-states, and the challenges of nationalism, communalism and ‘identity politics’.

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Global Justice School 2005

Globalization, nation-states and the challenges

of nationalism, communalism and 'identity politics'

Peter, 7 June


Introduction

           Identity, autonomy, separatism
           Place of report in session: Part 1 (gender) & Part 2 (fundamentalism)
           Difficulties: (1) vast diversity of national and other identities
                       (2) Dangers of 'immediate history'
           Motto of report: from Lenin
           Two broad categories: national/ethnic identity and LGBT identity
           Objective analysis and subjective experience, individual and collective


Part 1. The national question in the era of globalization

Nationalism and internationalism: a contradiction of capitalism

           Bourgeoisies need national markets and national states
           At the same time bourgeoisies must expand beyond their national markets
           Limits of Marx and Engels' understanding (in the Communist Manifesto)
           Forms of this contradiction: bourgeois revolutions, colonialism, decolonization

Globalization and nationalism: myths and realities

           Partial and dependent integration of periphery
           'Governance' and national sovereignty
           Uneven regional development

General guidelines for positions on national questions

           Why abstract internationalism is not enough

Support for oppressed nations

           The right to self-determination: Stalin's checklist

Need for a concrete approach to each national question

Sovereignty, citizenship and autonomy

Minority rights, autonomy and communalism

Indigenous struggles in Latin America: from Mariateguí to Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

           Ecuador: CONAIE and Pachakutik/Nuevo País

Chiapas: Mexican sovereignty and Indian autonomy

           Mindanao: a tri-people struggle — for ... ?
           African-Americans: African Blood Brotherhood, SNCC, Malcolm X, Black Power
           European Muslim immigrant communities
           Europe: nationalisms against the EU

Part 2. Sexual 'identity politics': queer nationalism and queer theory 'Identity politics'

           Class and identity
           Imposed or chosen identities? Single or multiple?: Civil society and pluralism
           Separatism and autonomy

Queer nationalism

           'I hate straights'
           Against assimilationism
           An anti-identity identity?

Queer theory

           Bensaïd's critique
           Foucauldean bio-politics
           Social liberation and individual emancipation
           Concrete totalization

Universalism and identity: towards a new internationalist culture