Globalization, nation-states, and the challenges of nationalism, communalism and ‘identity politics’.
Global Justice School 2005
Globalization, nation-states and the challenges
of nationalism, communalism and 'identity politics'
Peter, 7 June
Identity, autonomy, separatism
Place of report in session: Part 1 (gender) & Part 2 (fundamentalism)
Difficulties: (1) vast diversity of national and other identities
(2) Dangers of 'immediate history'
Motto of report: from Lenin
Two broad categories: national/ethnic identity and LGBT identity
Objective analysis and subjective experience, individual and collective
Part 1. The national question in the era of globalization
Nationalism and internationalism: a contradiction of capitalism
Bourgeoisies need national markets and national states
At the same time bourgeoisies must expand beyond their national markets
Limits of Marx and Engels' understanding (in the Communist Manifesto)
Forms of this contradiction: bourgeois revolutions, colonialism, decolonization
Globalization and nationalism: myths and realities
Partial and dependent integration of periphery
'Governance' and national sovereignty
Uneven regional development
General guidelines for positions on national questions
Why abstract internationalism is not enough
Support for oppressed nations
The right to self-determination: Stalin's checklist
Need for a concrete approach to each national question
Sovereignty, citizenship and autonomy
Minority rights, autonomy and communalism
Indigenous struggles in Latin America: from Mariateguí to Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast
Ecuador: CONAIE and Pachakutik/Nuevo País
Chiapas: Mexican sovereignty and Indian autonomy
Mindanao: a tri-people struggle — for ... ?
African-Americans: African Blood Brotherhood, SNCC, Malcolm X, Black Power
European Muslim immigrant communities
Europe: nationalisms against the EU
Part 2. Sexual 'identity politics': queer nationalism and queer theory 'Identity politics'
Class and identity
Imposed or chosen identities? Single or multiple?: Civil society and pluralism
Separatism and autonomy
'I hate straights'
An anti-identity identity?
Social liberation and individual emancipation
Universalism and identity: towards a new internationalist culture