Difference between revisions of "'Socialism or Barbarism' today: the centrality of self-emancipation"

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IIRE – ECOSOCIALIST SCHOOL
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December 2018
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"Socialism or Barbary" to-day : the centrality of self-emancipation.
 
"Socialism or Barbary" to-day : the centrality of self-emancipation.
"Transitional strategy" and “Permanent revolution” in contemporary capitalism
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"Transitional strategy" and “Permanent revolution” in contemporary capitalism
 
Lessons from the past and from new struggles  
 
Lessons from the past and from new struggles  
Catherine Samary http://csamary.free.fr
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Catherine Samary http://csamary.
  
 
OUTLINE
 
OUTLINE
  
 
I - Why “socialism or barbary” to-day ? The impact of the “soviet century” - and its end – on capitalist “policies” and institutions, behind economic dimensions, “long waves” and crisis.
 
I - Why “socialism or barbary” to-day ? The impact of the “soviet century” - and its end – on capitalist “policies” and institutions, behind economic dimensions, “long waves” and crisis.
I will put emphasis on political and geo-stratgical dimensions behind the crisis of the 1970s as crisis of the capitalist world order – and coubter-revolutionary answers
 
    • Therefore dual strategic crisis of social-democracy (SD) and of communist parties
 
    • Gramci = the Old world is dyning ; the new (progressive) one is not yet born
 
    • Rosa Luxemburg : Socialism or barbarism
 
Key words and names
 
IMF (International Monetary Fond / FMI) ; WB World Bank BM) ; GATT and GATS (trade and service General Agreements and negociations) – WTO (World Trade Organisation / OMC)
 
NATO / OTAN
 
 
Mehdi Ben Barka 65 ; Malcolm X 65 ; Che Guevara 67)  Martin Luther King 68
 
-Pinochet Coup against Allende Chile 1973
 
Margaret Thatcher (There Is No Alternative = TINA) 1980
 
Yeltsin Putin
 
  
 
II-  Back on “Socialism” and “communism” : what do we mean ? Lessons from the past and present struggles ; updating notions and debates.  
 
II-  Back on “Socialism” and “communism” : what do we mean ? Lessons from the past and present struggles ; updating notions and debates.  
The notion of “transitional society between capitalism and socialism”
 
capitalism as “world-system” (“systeme-monde” = Wallerstein concept) : Core and (semi) peripheral countries / Pays du centre et de la (semi) périphérie
 
Trotsky's thesis on “uneven and combined development” (and Permanent revolution) to Lenin's April's Thesis = what (world and Russian) “socialist revolution”
 
Debates on plan/market in industry and agriculture (the “law of value” ?) in post capitalist “transition to socialism” (Bukharin / Preobrajensky...)
 
Tito (Yugoslav revolution) – 1948 Tito/Stalin split. Statism. Paris Commune. Self-management  (autogestion/autogouvernement)
 
Self managing communities, organised around specific services + self-management planning + political “Chambers” (Councils)
 
Karl Polanyi 'The Great Transformation' (1944)
 
  
 
III- What “transitional strategy” to-day ? At what level ? What fundamental demands ?
 
III- What “transitional strategy” to-day ? At what level ? What fundamental demands ?
Notion of transition program or logics. Bridge between reforms and revolution
 
Global justice movement / Mouvement altermondialiste
 
WHO World Health Organisation/ OMS/Organisation mondiale de la santé , World Labor Organization / OMT Organisation ondiale du Travail, (UNESCO) UN Organisation for Education, science and culture
 
Chavez's questions on “Socialism of the XXIst century” - Michael Lebowicz
 
  
Reading materials
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Questions for working groups
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Do you know (in your own country or elsewhere) significant examples of the following experiences (you can select what you know more about) :
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“Municipalism” or “rebel cities” ?
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Fights about “commons” (clarify the concept)
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workers or popular forms of “self-managment” in factories, services or local (rural and/or urban territories) ?   
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Fights against private banks and financial markets, as supported by the CADTM against “illegitimate debt” (at municipal, national or broader level), or against “toxic credits” ?
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How can those fights be part of a “transitional” dynamic within/against the capitalist system and logics ? What difficulties, risks, contradictions are they (or could they be) confronted to ? How to deal with them ? What involvement and debates about those experiences among radical left currents ?
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Reading materials:
  
 
1) David Harvey on the commons [http://davidharvey.org/media/Harvey_on_the_Commons.pdf]
 
1) David Harvey on the commons [http://davidharvey.org/media/Harvey_on_the_Commons.pdf]
 
  
 
2) CADTM  Women, debt and Micro-credit . Final Declaration of CADTM African women's seminar, Bamako, 15-19 November 2017
 
2) CADTM  Women, debt and Micro-credit . Final Declaration of CADTM African women's seminar, Bamako, 15-19 November 2017
 
[http://www.cadtm.org/Final-declaration-of-the-Bamako]
 
[http://www.cadtm.org/Final-declaration-of-the-Bamako]
  
 
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3)  
3) Via Campesina [https://viacampesina.org/en] (3) Who are we?  What are we fighting for?  What are we fighting against? Media and Publications)
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Via Campesina [https://viacampesina.org/en] (3) Who are we?  What are we fighting for?  What are we fighting against? Media and Publications)
  
 
Building alternatives [https://viacampesina.org/en/wto-building-alternatives-la-via-campesina-organise-peoples-summit-wtos-xi-ministerial-conference-argentina]
 
Building alternatives [https://viacampesina.org/en/wto-building-alternatives-la-via-campesina-organise-peoples-summit-wtos-xi-ministerial-conference-argentina]
  
 
UN  Declaration on peasants’ rights [http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/HRBodies/HRCouncil/WGPleasants/A-HRC-WG-15-1-2_En.pdf]
 
UN  Declaration on peasants’ rights [http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/HRBodies/HRCouncil/WGPleasants/A-HRC-WG-15-1-2_En.pdf]
 
  
 
4) Michael Lebowitz : The Spectre of Socialism in the XXIst Century : Build it NOW ! [http://links.org.au/files/pdf/Lebowitz_Dossier_3.pdf]
 
4) Michael Lebowitz : The Spectre of Socialism in the XXIst Century : Build it NOW ! [http://links.org.au/files/pdf/Lebowitz_Dossier_3.pdf]

Latest revision as of 10:02, 5 December 2018

IIRE – ECOSOCIALIST SCHOOL December 2018

"Socialism or Barbary" to-day : the centrality of self-emancipation. "Transitional strategy" and “Permanent revolution” in contemporary capitalism Lessons from the past and from new struggles

Catherine Samary http://csamary.

OUTLINE

I - Why “socialism or barbary” to-day ? The impact of the “soviet century” - and its end – on capitalist “policies” and institutions, behind economic dimensions, “long waves” and crisis.

II- Back on “Socialism” and “communism” : what do we mean ? Lessons from the past and present struggles ; updating notions and debates.

III- What “transitional strategy” to-day ? At what level ? What fundamental demands ?


Questions for working groups

Do you know (in your own country or elsewhere) significant examples of the following experiences (you can select what you know more about) : “Municipalism” or “rebel cities” ? Fights about “commons” (clarify the concept) workers or popular forms of “self-managment” in factories, services or local (rural and/or urban territories) ? Fights against private banks and financial markets, as supported by the CADTM against “illegitimate debt” (at municipal, national or broader level), or against “toxic credits” ?

How can those fights be part of a “transitional” dynamic within/against the capitalist system and logics ? What difficulties, risks, contradictions are they (or could they be) confronted to ? How to deal with them ? What involvement and debates about those experiences among radical left currents ?

Reading materials:

1) David Harvey on the commons [1]

2) CADTM Women, debt and Micro-credit . Final Declaration of CADTM African women's seminar, Bamako, 15-19 November 2017 [2]

3) Via Campesina [3] (3) Who are we? What are we fighting for? What are we fighting against? Media and Publications)

Building alternatives [4]

UN Declaration on peasants’ rights [5]

4) Michael Lebowitz : The Spectre of Socialism in the XXIst Century : Build it NOW ! [6]